abstract (third-person singular simple present abstracts, present participle abstracting, simple past and past participle abstracted)
1.thought of apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances, an abstract idea.
2.expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed.
3.theoretical; not applied or practical, abstract science.
4.difficult to understand; abstruse, abstract speculations.
5.Fine Arts. of or relating to the formal aspect of art, emphasizing lines, colors, generalized or geometrical forms, etc., especially with reference to their relationship to one another. (often initial capital letter) pertaining to the nonrepresentational art styles of the 20th century.
6.a summary of a text, scientific article, document, speech, etc.; epitome.
7.something that concentrates in itself the essential qualities of anything more extensive or more general, or of several things; essence.
8.an idea or term considered apart from some material basis or object.
9.an abstract work of art.
10.to draw or take away; remove. 1
1.to divert or draw away the attention of. 1
2.to steal. 1
3.to consider as a general quality or characteristic apart from specific objects or instances, to abstract the notions of time, space, and matter.1
4.to make an abstract of; summarize.
5.abstract away from, to omit from consideration. 1
6.in the abstract, without reference to a specific object or instance; in theory, beauty in the abstract.
1. having no reference to material objects or specific examples; not concrete
2. not applied or practical; theoretical
3. hard to understand; recondite; abstruse
4. denoting art characterized by geometric, formalized, or otherwise nonrepresentational qualities
5. defined in terms of its formal properties, an abstract machine
6. (philosophy) (of an idea) functioning for some empiricists as the meaning of a general term, the word ``man'' does not name all men but the abstract idea of manhood noun (ˈæbstrækt)
7. a condensed version of a piece of writing, speech, etc; summary
8. an abstract term or idea
9. an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
10. in the abstract, without reference to specific circumstances or practical experience verb (transitive) (æbˈstrækt) 1
1. to think of (a quality or concept) generally without reference to a specific example; regard theoretically1
2. to form (a general idea) by abstraction1
3. (also intransitive) (ˈæbstrækt). to summarize or epitomize1
4. to remove or extract1
5. (euphemistic) to steal Word OriginC14, (in the sense, extracted), from Latin abstractus drawn off, removed from (something specific), from abs-ab-1 + trahere to drawCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
late 14c., originally in grammar (of nouns), from Latin abstractus "drawn away," past participle of abstrahere "to drag away; detach divert," from ab(s)- "away" (see ab-) + trahere "draw" (see tract (n.1)).Meaning "withdrawn or separated from material objects or practical matters" is from mid-15c. That of "difficult to understand, abstruse" is from c.1400. Specifically in reference to modern art, it dates from 1914; abstract expressionism as an American-based uninhibited approach to art exemplified by Jackson Pollack is from 1952, but the term itself had been used in the 1920s of Kandinsky and others.Oswald Herzog, in an article on "Der Abstrakte Expressionismus" (Sturm, heft 50, 1919) gives us a statement which with equal felicity may be applied to the artistic attitude of the Dadaists. "Abstract Expressionism is perfect Expressionism," he writes. "It is pure creation. It casts spiritual processes into a corporeal mould. It does not borrow objects from the real world; it creates its own objects .... The abstract reveals the will of the artist; it becomes expression. ..." [William A. Drake, "The Life and Deeds of Dada," 1922]
"abridgement or summary of a document," mid-15c., from abstract (adj.). The general sense of "a smaller quantity containing the virtue or power of a greater" [Johnson] is recorded from 1560s.
1540s, from Latin abstractus or else from the adjective abstract. Related, Abstracted; abstracting, abstractedly.
This conviction of the emptiness of terms and abstract notions, and of the fulness of individual life, has enabled Lotze to combine in his writings the two courses into which German philosophical thought had been moving since the death of its great founder, Leibnitz.
Thus Descartes gave to modern geometry that abstract and general character in which consists its superiority to the geometry of the ancients.
By a natural extension of the original meaning, the term brahma, in the sense of sacred utterance, was subsequently likewise applied to the whole body of sacred writ, the tri-vidya or "triple lo re" of the Veda; whilst it also came to be commonly used as the abstract designation of the priestly function and the Brahmanical order generally, in the same way as the term kshatra, " sway, rule," came to denote the aggregate of functions and individuals of the Kshatriyas or Rajanyas, the nobility or military class.
Klebs, Guide to Exhibit of the German Amber Industry at World's Fair (St Louis, 1904); and abstract by G.
Moreover, the abstract terms stem, leaf, root, &c., are absolutely indispensable; and are continually used in this sense by the most ardent organographers.
Choose five abstract nouns relating to recent conversational themes.
Each issue contains 20 abstracts chosen by Elizabeth Rowan, the editor.
He was searching for an abstract expressionist painting by de Kooning.
It contained abstracts of doctoral theses.
The editor would like to thank the Journal of Geography for allowing us to reproduce abstracts from their publication.
This was my first conscious perception of an abstract idea.
He asked me how I had taught Helen adjectives and the names of abstract ideas like goodness and happiness.
It should not be by their architecture, but why not even by their power of abstract thought, that nations should seek to commemorate themselves?
It was evident that Prince Andrew was not interested in such abstract conversation.
Pierre during the last two years, as a result of his continual absorption in abstract interests and his sincere contempt for all else, had acquired in his wife's circle, which did not interest him, that air of unconcern, indifference, and benevolence toward all, which cannot be acquired artificially and therefore inspires involuntary respect.
Pfuel was one of those hopelessly and immutably self-confident men, self-confident to the point of martyrdom as only Germans are, because only Germans are self-confident on the basis of an abstract notion--science, that is, the supposed knowledge of absolute truth.
If the realm of human knowledge were confined to abstract reasoning, then having subjected to criticism the explanation of "power" that juridical science gives us, humanity would conclude that power is merely a word and has no real existence.
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