adjective (third-person singular simple present adjectives, present participle adjectiving, simple past and past participle adjectived)
1.Grammar. any member of a class of words that modify nouns and pronouns, primarily by describing a particular quality of the word they are modifying, as wise in a wise grandmother, or perfect in a perfect score, or handsome in He is extremely handsome. Other terms, as numbers (one cup; twelve months), certain demonstrative pronouns (this magazine; those questions), and terms that impose limits (each person; no mercy) can also function adjectivally, as can some nouns that are found chiefly in fixed phrases where they immediately precede the noun they modify, as bottle in bottle cap and bus in bus station.Synonyms, modifier, qualifier, identifier, describer, describing word.
2.pertaining to or functioning as an adjective; adjectival, the adjective use of a noun.
3.Law. concerning methods of enforcement of legal rights, as pleading and practice (opposed to substantive).
4.(of dye colors) requiring a mordant or the like to render them permanent (opposed to substantive).
5.Archaic. not able to stand alone; dependent, Women were seen by some (by some men, that is) as adjective creatures, needing to be cared for and protected from the vicissitudes of life.
1.a word imputing a characteristic to a noun or pronoun (as modifier), an adjective phrase, adjadjective
2. additional or dependent
3. (of law) relating to court practice and procedure, as opposed to the principles of law dealt with by the courts Compare substantive (sense 7) Derived Formsadjectival (ˌædʒɪkˈtaɪvəl) adjective Word OriginC14, from Late Latin adjectīvus attributive, from adjicere to throw to, add, from ad- to + jacere to throw; in grammatical sense, from the Latin phrase nōmen adjectīvum attributive nounCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
late 14c., as an adjective, "adjectival," in noun adjective, from Old French adjectif (14c.), from Latin adjectivum "that is added to (the noun)," neuter of adjectivus "added," from past participle of adicere "to throw or place (a thing) near," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + comb. form of iacere "to throw" (see jet (v.)). Also as a noun from late 14c. (adjectives not clearly distinguished from nouns in Middle English). In 19c. Britain, the word itself often was a euphemism for the taboo adjective bloody.They ... slept until it was cool enough to go out with their 'Towny,' whose vocabulary contained less than six hundred words, and the Adjective. [Kipling, "Soldiers Three," 1888]
The name has a curious origin, which explains also the particular meaning of the adjective "spruce," neatly dressed, smart in appearance, fine.
(1) An adjective meaning soft, either physically or figuratively, derived from Fr.
The term "iconography," once confined to the study of engravings, is now applied to the history of portrait images in Christian art, though it is also used with a qualifying adjective of Greek, Roman and other art.
The adjective "synechological" is used in the same general sense; "synechology" is a theory of continuity or universal causation; "synechia" is a term in ophthalmology for a morbid union of parts.
In the order of the sentence the substantive precedes the adjective and the verb stands last; the object and the adverb precede the verb, and the genitive precedes the noun on which it depends - this contrasts with the order in the isolating Chinese, where the order is subject, verb, object.
Beginning with the Belgae and the Gallia Belgica of the Romans, the use of the adjective to distinguish the inhabitants of the south Netherlands can be traced through all stages of subsequent history.
(From Archaeologia, liii.) the ancient Greek language, the adjective OacnXucos could not well be derived.
In the same passage he used an incorrect adjective, Phliuntii for Phliasii; he says that he had already corrected his own copy, but the mistake survives in the single palimpsest in which this work has been preserved.
Verb &c7K w, " I practise," whence the noun 81 K'61s and the adjective aaxfnKO; and it embodies a metaphor taken from the ancient wrestling-place or palaestra, where victory rewarded those who had best trained their bodies.
The more important rules for initial mutation are the following: the soft mutation occurs in a feminine singular noun after the article, thus y fam, " the mother " (radical mam); in an adjective following a feminine singular noun, as in mam dda, " a good mother " (da, " good "); in a noun following a positive adjective, as in hen dd9n, " old man," because this order represents what was originally a compound; in a noun following dy, " thy," and ei, " his," thus dy ben," thy head," ei ben, " his head " (pen," head "); in the object after a verb; in a noun after a simple preposition; in a verb after the relative a.
Syntax.-A qualifying adjective follows its noun, and agrees with it in gender and generally in number.
The Turkish adjective uzun, ~j~J,t long, applied to I-,Iasan, the Turkoman monarch of Persia (called also by the Arabs Uasanu t-Tawil), is precisely the qualifying Persian word J!j) used in the compound designation of Artaxerxes Longimanus; and Malcolm quotes the statement of a Venetian envoy in evidence that Uzun IJasan was a tall thin man, of a very open and engaging countenance.
"mean"), middle or intermediate, an adjective used in several legal phrases.
Frequently adjectives come before a noun.
It is important to study the various adjective forms.
Please choose three adjectives to describe your church.
The others are on things like comparatives and demonstrative adjectives (this, that, those).
This apple is really big: adjectives used like this after the verb to be are known as predicate adjectives.
To use this sort of language implies that "bishop" is masculine unless it is modified by a feminine adjective.
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