array (third-person singular simple present arrays, present participle arraying, simple past and past participle arrayed)
1.to place in proper or desired order; marshal, Napoleon arrayed his troops for battle.
2.to clothe with garments, especially of an ornamental kind; dress up; deck out, She arrayed herself in furs and diamonds.
3.order or arrangement, as of troops drawn up for battle.
4.military force, especially a body of troops.
5.a large and impressive grouping or organization of things, He couldn't dismiss the array of facts.
6.regular order or arrangement; series, an array of figures.
7.a large group, number, or quantity of people or things, an impressive array of scholars; an imposing array of books.
8.attire; dress, in fine array.
9.an arrangement of interrelated objects or items of equipment for accomplishing a particular task, thousands of solar cells in one vast array.
10.Mathematics, Statistics. an arrangement of a series of terms according to value, as from largest to smallest. an arrangement of a series of terms in some geometric pattern, as in a matrix. 1
1.Computers. a block of related data elements, each of which is usually identified by one or more subscripts. 1
2.Radio. antenna array.
1. an impressive display or collection
2. an orderly or regular arrangement, esp of troops in battle order
3. (poetic) rich clothing; apparel
4. (maths) a sequence of numbers or symbols in a specified order
5. (maths) a set of numbers or symbols arranged in rows and columns, as in a determinant or matrix
6. (electronics) an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics, used esp in radar
7. (law) a panel of jurors
8. the arming of military forces
9. (computing) a regular data structure in which individual elements may be located by reference to one or more integer index variables, the number of such indices being the number of dimensions in the array verb (transitive)
10. to dress in rich attire; adorn1
1. to arrange in order (esp troops for battle); marshal1
2. (law) to draw up (a panel of jurors) Derived Formsarrayal, noun Word OriginC13, from Old French aroi arrangement, from arayer to arrange, of Germanic origin; compare Old English arǣdan to make readyCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
early 14c., from stem of Old French areer "to put in order," from Vulgar Latin *ar-redare (source of Italian arredare), from Latin ad- "to" (see ad-) + Frankish *ræd- "ready" or some cognate Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *raidjan "to place in order" (cf. Gothic garadis, Old English geræde "ready;" see ready (adj.)). Related, Arrayed; arraying.
mid-14c., "order, arrangement," from Anglo-French arrai, Old French aroi, from areer (see array (v.)).
He rose and, with methodical patience, swirled the trench around him, placed the sword on the inside with an array of other weaponry, and then stalked to the door.
Brady met her gaze again, taking in the array of emotions crossing her features.
In January 1643 he seized the royalist high sheriff of Hertfordshire in the act of proclaiming the king's commission of array at St Albans; in February he was at Cambridge taking measures for the defence of the town; in March suppressing royalist risings at Lowestoft and Lynn; in April those of Huntingdon, when he also recaptured Crowland from the king's party.
The French army proceeded to form up in an imposing array some 1300 yards from Wellington's position, and if some misgivings as to the result filled the minds of men like Soult, Reille and Foy, who had had previous experience of Wellington in the field, none at any rate dwelt in Napoleon's mind.
Among the most important structures produced in repeated series are the reproductive cells; and Pearson points out that if the variability of animals or of plants be supposed to depend upon that of the germ-cells from which they arise, then the correlation between brothers in the array produced by the same parents will give a measure of the correlation between the parental germ-cells, the determination requiring, of course, the same precautions to avoid the effects of differentiation as are necessary in the study of other repeated organs.
His speculations were thoroughly in harmony with the ideas and sentiment of the time, and his historical arguments, especially his long array of testimonies to the work of Peisistratus, were hardly challenged.
So the soldiers, after a twenty-mile march, were kept mending and cleaning all night long without closing their eyes, while the adjutants and company commanders calculated and reckoned, and by morning the regiment--instead of the straggling, disorderly crowd it had been on its last march the day before--presented a well-ordered array of two thousand men each of whom knew his place and his duty, had every button and every strap in place, and shone with cleanliness.
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