Verb abandon Definition and Examples



Definition as verb:

(transitive, obsolete) To subdue; to take control of. (transitive) To give up control of, to surrender or to give oneself over, or to yield to one's emotions. (transitive) To desist in doing, practicing, following, holding, or adhering to; to turn away from; to permit to lapse; to renounce; to discontinue. (transitive) To leave behind; to desert as in a ship or a position, typically in response to overwhelming odds or impending dangers; to forsake, in spite of a duty or responsibility. (transitive, obsolete) To cast out; to banish; to expel; to reject. (transitive) To no longer exercise a right, title, or interest, especially with no interest of reclaiming it again; to yield; to relinquish. (transitive) To surrender to the insurer (an insured item), so as to claim a total loss.

More definition: leave completely and finally; forsake utterly; desert, to abandon one's farm; to abandon a child; to abandon a sinking ship. give up; discontinue; withdraw from, to abandon a research project; to abandon hopes for a stage career. give up the control of, to abandon a city to an enemy army. yield (oneself) without restraint or moderation; give (oneself) over to natural impulses, usually without self-control, to abandon oneself to grief.

5.Law. to cast away, leave, or desert, as property or a child.

6.Insurance. to relinquish (insured property) to the underwriter in case of partial loss, thus enabling the insured to claim a total loss.

7.Obsolete. to banish.

1.a complete surrender to natural impulses without restraint or moderation; freedom from inhibition or conventionality, to dance with reckless abandon.

1. to forsake completely; desert; leave behind, to abandon a baby, drivers had to abandon their cars

2. abandon ship, the order given to the crew of a ship that is about to sink to take to the lifeboats

3. to give up completely, to abandon a habit, to abandon hope

4. to yield control of or concern in; relinquish, to abandon office

5. to give up (something begun) before completion, to abandon a job, the game was abandoned

6. to surrender (oneself) to emotion without restraint

7. to give (insured property that has suffered partial loss or damage) to the insurers in order that a claim for a total loss may be made noun

8. freedom from inhibitions, restraint, concern, or worry, she danced with abandon Derived Formsabandonment, noun Word OriginC14, abandounen (vb), from Old French, from a bandon under one's control, in one's power, from a at, to + bandon control, powerCollins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollinsPublishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012 Cite This Source
late 14c., "to give up, surrender (oneself or something), give over utterly; to yield (oneself) utterly (to religion, fornication, etc.)," from Old French abandoner (12c.), from adverbial phrase à bandon "at will, at discretion," from à "at, to" (see ad-) + bandon "power, jurisdiction," from Latin bannum, "proclamation," from a Frankish word related to ban (v.).Mettre sa forest à bandon was a feudal law phrase in the 13th cent. = mettre sa forêt à permission, i.e. to open it freely to any one for pasture or to cut wood in; hence the later sense of giving up one's rights for a time, letting go, leaving, abandoning. [Auguste Brachet, "An Etymological Dictionary of the French Language," transl. G.W. Kitchin, Oxford, 1878]Etymologically, the word carries a sense of "put someone under someone else's control." Meaning "to give up absolutely" is from late 14c. Related, Abandoned; abandoning.
"a letting loose, surrender to natural impulses," 1822, from a sense in French abandon (see abandon (v.). Borrowed earlier (c.1400) from French in a sense "(someone's) control;" and cf. Middle English adverbial phrase at abandon, i.e. "recklessly," attested from late 14c.


Alex didn't abandon Tessa when she needed him most.

She couldn't abandon her babies to him, even if he was their father.

I couldn't believe she would abandon our life-long friendship so abruptly.

Others despised humans, but the fact that this one hesitated to abandon the woman to her fate told Jule more than the most discreet of immortals probably intended.

He wasn't going to abandon her, too, was he?

Carmen was torn between gratitude that Lori gave Destiny to them and disappointment that Lori could abandon her child so totally.

Rhyn snorted and faced Sasha, the brother charged with governing Australia, and the first to abandon the Council in favor of serving the Dark One.

He'll have to abandon it, if Annie Quincy really is—one of those girls.

He wished to God she would abandon her search.

While Cynthia skipping with Jeffrey was next to impossible for Dean to buy, no one could convince him she would abandon her son.

Not wanting to abandon Lori, she did nothing.

Arrived in the river Plate in 1527, rumours reached Cabot of mineral wealth and a rich and civilized empire in the far interior, and he resolved to abandon surveying for exploration.

When she becomes fully ripe I must abandon the sovereignty of the Mangaboos to her.

Still I could not shut my eyes to the force and weight of their arguments, and I saw plainly that I must abandon--'s scheme as impracticable.

She felt this to be their last hope and that if Nicholas refused the match she had found for him, she would have to abandon the hope of ever getting matters right.

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